This blog was originally published on the World Bank’s PPP Blog Website.
The Argentinian presidency of the G20 opens this month and will be marked by a focus on infrastructure investment. The G20 and OECD have already announced a wide-scale data collection initiative for the purpose of creating benchmarks of the risk-adjusted financial performance of private infrastructure debt and equity investments.
It is about time.
Investors hit a roadblock when investing in infrastructure. Until now none of the metrics needed by investors were documented in a robust manner, if at all, for privately held infrastructure equity or debt. This has left investors frustrated and wary. In a 2016 EDHECinfra/Global Infrastructure Hub Survey of major asset owners, more than half declared that they did not trust the valuations reported by infrastructure asset managers. How, under such conditions, can the vast increases in long-term investment in infrastructure by institutional players envisaged by the G20 take place?
We need transparency and accurate performance measures and the G20 data collection initiative can have a catalytic effect.
With the support of the G20, the Singapore government, The Long-Term Infrastructure Investors Association, the Long-Term Investment Club and numerous private sector supporters, the EDHEC Infrastructure Institute (EDHECinfra) has now built the largest database of infrastructure investment data in the world. We can now use this data to create performance benchmarks that are needed for asset allocation, prudential regulation and the design of infrastructure investment solutions. These first of a kind benchmarks provide investment metrics that are needed by investors; return, volatility, Sharpe ratio, duration, and maximum drawdown.
In 2019, this database will reach global coverage and a global index for private infrastructure debt and equity tracking 1000 firms can be published.
We started our journey to build benchmarks for infrastructure investors in Europe, the oldest and largest investible market for infrastructure in the world. We analysed the European market and selected the 14 major markets for infrastructure. We studied the size, age and evolution of the infrastructure industry in each of those countries, and painstakingly identified all investible infrastructure assets. From that point we selected a list of 400 firms to represent the European infrastructure market by sector, business model or country, all the while covering 50% of the market by size in each year, ensuring a representative sample through time. This became the constituent list for the benchmarks. For each firm we collected data for realised and forecast cash flow to debt and equity holders. Firms are categorised as an infrastructure project or infrastructure corporate and by business model; contracted, merchant and regulated.
This project was undertaken in coordination and collaboration with the industry. Data was submitted by banks, asset owners and managers. This collaboration is a sign that the private infrastructure industry is growing towards a more mature and transparent stage in its development. The support of private investors and lenders to this initiative is impressive and deserves to be praised.
In this context, EDHECinfra has also developed data collection and reporting standards that can be used to make data collection more efficient and reporting more transparent. This methodology provides a framework for data collection for the long-term financing of infrastructure.
Today, the first generation of benchmarks give us estimates of financial performance and risks of reference portfolios of privately held infrastructure investments. This will help answer asset allocation, prudential and performance monitoring questions and improving transparency and efficiency of investment in infrastructure around the world.
Much work remains to be done on this road less traveled. Thanks to the strong support of the G20 for better documenting the performance of infrastructure investments, we expect this momentum to continue. As more infrastructure investors pool their data and improve our common understanding of the infrastructure investment sector, better benchmarking results and better investment solutions in infrastructure can be designed.